Welcome to week #3 of Fish Friday! Last week we covered the fundamentals of ‘sustainable fish’, this week we start to share one of the more sustainable options available: trout
Last weeks article pointed out that we use a variety of non-fishery sources to assist in determining what is sustainable. The three we use most often (and I believe to be most widely accepted in North America) are:
- Ocean Wise (a project from the Vancouver Aquarium)
- Sea Choice (endorsed by the David Suzuki Foundation)
- Seafood Watch (project from the Monteray Aquarium)
Sustainability generally relies on 3 factors:
- Species/ Sub species of fish
- How it was caught or farmed
- Where it is from
Let’s start with the best choices according to each of the 3 sources (click on their names for the details of all types of trout, including which ones to avoid):
- Ocean Wise – Rainbow Trout (Closed-system Farmed, From Anywhere)
- Sea Choice – Rainbow Trout (Farmed, USA and Canada), White Seabass (Hook and Line, California)
- Seafood Watch – Rainbow Trout (Farmed, USA), Spotted Sea Trout (wild caught, Florida and Louisiana), White Seabass (Hook and Line, California)
Some people find it surprising to see farmed fish can be sustainable. Not all fish farming methods are equal – trout tends to be farmed in closed systems (meaning that it can’t escape/ cross pollinate with wild stock) and these systems tend to be very different from many open-pen methods (we’ll detail some of the concerns with those systems in future posts but they include escapees, disease, increased pollution released into the body of water they are held in and often include antibiotics and modified feed including things like corn).
For an example of a fantastic trout farm, check out this post (and 2-minute video) of Kolapore Springs in Ontario.
I have several apps installed on my smart phone for quick reference when one the road – to learn about other types of trout (including some ill-advised options), check out the sites above!
This is part of a series called Fish Friday which is a follow-up to our infographic that appeared in Edible Toronto in Summer, 2012. To find out more about the infographic, click here – to find out more about Sustainable Fish stay tuned over the next 3 months as we will feature an article on the topic every Friday through October). To learn a bit more about my personal observations around failing/ failed fisheries and their impact to nature and the communities they support, you may be interested in the article that accompanied our poster in Edible Toronto called “The Fish of My Youth Are No Longer There“